Validation Papers

Independent Validation Papers
Peer-reviewed Validation papers
Papers using Soma technology

Independent Validation Papers

Coad S, et al., (2015) Validity and reliability of a novel immunoassay for Individual Profiling in Applied Sports Science. Research in Sports Medicine 23(2): 1-11.

Fisher R, et al., (2015) The validity and reliability of a salivary cortisol Point of Care Test. Journal of Athletic Enhancement 4:4-10

MacDonald L, et al., (2017) Reliability of salivary cortisol and Immunoglobulin A measurements from the IPRO before and after sprint cycling exercise. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 57(12): 1680-1686

Nakamura, M. et al., (2019) Possibility of using salivary cortisol in elite soccer players for condition evaluation. Journal of High Performance Sport 4: 71-78

Mitsuishi, H. et al., (2022) The validaity of the Salivary Cortisol Analysis Method Using Cube Reader and Japanese University Students. Japanese Psychological Research. doi: 10.1111/jpr.12402

Rahilly D.O. et al., (2023) The Reliability of the Cube Reader LFD to Measure Salivary Cortisol and Salivary Immunoglobulin.  Journal of Athletic Enhancement 12:4

Peer-reviewed Validation papers:

Dunbar J, et al., (2015) Evaluation of a new point of care quantitative reader for salivary analysis in the English Premier League soccer environment. Brit. J Sports Med. Oct 2015.

Dunbar J, et al., (2015) Investigating the use of a Point of Care salivary Amylase Test in the English Premier League soccer environment. 8th World Congress of Science and Football, Denmark.

Dunbar J, et al., (2015) Investigating a dual sIgA and alpha amylase Point of Care test in the sporting environment. Proceedings 12th Symposium Intl Soc Ex Imunol.

Dunbar J, et al., (2013) Investigating the use of a Point of Care salivary IgG test in the sporting environment.  Proceedings 11th Symposium Intl Soc Ex Imunol.

Dunbar J, et al., (2013) Investigating the use of a Point of Care salivary cortisol test in the professional football environment. UKSCA Conference, East Midlands, UK.

Dunbar J, & Jehanli A, (2011) Investigating the use of a point of care sIgA test in English Premier League Soccer players. . Proceedings 10th Symposium Intl Soc Ex Imunol.

Jehanli A, et al., (2011) Development and validation of an oral fluid collection device and its use in the immunoassay of salivary steroids and immunoglobulins in sports persons. Proceedings 10th Symposium Intl Soc Ex Imunol

Papers using Soma technology

McGuire A, et al., (2023) Prevalence of low energy availability and associations with seasonal changes in salivary hormones and IgA in elite male Gaelic footballers. Eur J Nutr 1-2. 

Bin Eid, W. et al., (2022) Alterations in Cortisol Profiles among Mothers of Children with ASD Related to Poor Child Sleep Quality. Healthcare, 10, 666.

Rossitter, A. et al., (2022) Effects of long-hail transmeridian travel on physiological, sleep, perceptual and mood markers in Olympic team support staff. Chronobiology International.

Springham, M. et al., (2022) Selected Immunoendocrine Measures for Monitoring Responses to Training and Match Load in Professional Association Football: A Review of the Evidence. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance.

Mitsuishi,  H. and Ogi, T., (2022) The effects of interactive fitness video games on stress and cognitive function. Journal of Digital Life. 2(6)

Han, X. et al. (2022) Safety and Efficacy of a Multivitamin, Multimineral, Bovine Colostrum–Containing Supplement: An Open-label Pilot Intervention Trial in Healthy Adult Women. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine.

Morgans, R. et al., (2022) The Immunological and Hormonal Responses to Competitive Match-Play in Elite Soccer Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19, 11784

Springham, M., & Dunbar, J. (2022) Match-induced Perturbations To Immunological And Hormonal Status In Elite-level Professional Football Players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 54(9S):313-314

Liang, Z. (2021) What Does Sleeping Brain Tell AboutStress? A Pilot Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy Study Into Stress-Related Cortical Hemodynamic Features During Sleep. Frontiers in Computer Science. doi: 10.3389/fcomp.2021.774949

Rodriguez, A et al. (2021) Relationship between external load and cortisol concentrations during the competitive microcycle in international soccer players. Rev Andal Med Deporte. 14(2) Online

Rossitter, A. et al. (2021) Effect of long-haul transmeridian travel on recovery and performance in international level swimmers. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. DOI: 10.1177/17479541211049641

Sharp, M. et al., (2021) Marine phytoplankton improves recovery and sustains immune function in humans and lowers proinflammatory immunoregulatory cytokines in a rat model. Physical Activity and Nutrition. 25 (1): 042-055

Springham, M. et al. (2021) Summated Training and Match Load Predictors of Salivary Immunoglobulin-A, Alpha-Amylase, Testosterone, Cortisol and T:C Profile Changes in Elite-Level Professional Football Players: A Longitudinal Analysis.  European Journal of Sport Science 22 (8): 1156-1166.

Springham, M. et al. (2020) Salivary Immunoendocrine and Self-report Monitoring Profiles across an Elite-Level Professional Football Season. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 53(5):p 918-927,

Tiernan C. et al., (2020) Investigation of the relationship between Salivary Cortisol, Training Load and subjective markers of recovery in elite Rugby Union players. International Journal of Sports Physiology & Performance. 15(1): 113-118. DOI: DOI:

Tiernan C. et al., (2020) Salivary IgA as a predictor of Upper respiratory Tract Infection and relationship to Training Load in elite Rugby Union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34(3): 782-790 DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003019

Rist, B. & Pearce, A. (2019) Tiered Levels of Resting Cortisol in an Athletic Population. A Potential Role for Interpretation in Biopsychosocial Assessment? Journal of. Functional. Morphology & . Kinesiology , 4, 8; doi:10.3390/jfmk4010008

Figueiredo,  P. et al., (2019) Within-Subject Correlation Between Salivary IgA and Measures of Training Load in Elite Football Players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14, 847-849

MacDonald L, & Minihan C, (2017) Mindfulness training attenuates the increase in salivary cortisol concentration associated with competition in highly trained wheelchair basketball players. Journal of Sports Sciences

Anton-Solanos A, et al., (2016) Physiological and cognitive responses to and Antarctic Expedition: A case report. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. Vol 11 (8): 1053-1059.

Coad S, et al., (2016) Seasonal Analysis of Mucosal Immunological Function and Physical Demands in Professional Australian Rules Footballers. Int. J. Sports Physiol. Perf. 11(5) 574-580.

Edmonds R, et al., (2016) Cardiac  Autonomic and Salivary Responses to a Repeated Training Bout in Elite Swimmers. Sports, 4, 13, 2-14

Owen A, et al., (2016) High Intensity Training and Salivary Immunoglobuin A responses in Professional Top-Level Soccer Players. J Str. Cond. Res. 30(9): 2460-9

Dunbar J, et al., (2016) Salivary Cortisol is Highly Correlated With Training Intensity in English Premier League Players; in International Research in Science and Soccer II Eds., Favero T, et al. Routledge pp 104-109

Coad S, et al., (2015) Physical Demands and Salivary Immunoglobulin A Responses of Elite Australian Rules Football Athletes to Match Play. Int. J. Sports Physiol. Perf. 10(5) 613-617

Dimitriou L, et al., (2015) Influence of Montmorency cherry juice blend on indices of exercise-induced stress and upper respiratory tract symptoms following marathon running. J Int Soc. Sp. Nutr. 12(22)

Edmonds R, et al., (2015) Effect of chronic training on heart rate variability, salivary IgA and salivary alpha-amylase in elite swimmers with a disability. PLoS One, 10, e0127749

Morgans R, et al., (2015) Pre-Match Salivary IgA in Soccer Players From the 2014 World Cup Qualifying Campaign. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 10(3): 401-403

Dunbar J, et al., (2014) Secretory IgA Responses to a Premier League Soccer Season. Proceedings of 4th World Conference of Science and Soccer, Portland, USA.

Morgans R, et al., (2014) Intensive Winter Fixture Schedule Induces a Transient Fall in Salivary IgA in English Premier League Soccer Players. Research in Sports Medicine 22: 346-354

Dunbar J, et al., (2013) Mucosal Immunity and Self-reported Upper Respiratory Symptoms in a cohort of Premier League Academy Soccer Players: Proceedings 11th Symposium Intl Soc Ex Imunol.